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June 2019

Elder Law: What to Do When You Need Long Term Care

Many older Americans are familiar with Medicare, the federal health insurance program for those 65 and older that pays doctor and hospital bills, but Medicare doesn’t cover everything. For instance, Medicare does not cover long term custodial care for help many older Americans need with the necessary activities of day-to-day life: bathing, dressing, and eating. As many older people eventually need this type of care due to either physical or mental impairment, they (or their family) has to find a way to cover the potentially expensive costs. In some cases, covering the costs of this type of long-term elder care...

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The Two Types of Special Needs Trust

Special Needs Trusts (SNTs) fall into one of two categories: first-party SNTs and third-party SNTs. The first step in creating a special needs trust is determining which type you need, which will depend on whose property funds the trust. If the property funding the trust originates with the beneficiary of the SNT, it is a first-party SNT. If the property funding the trust belongs to someone other than the beneficiary, it is a third-party SNT. The Third-Party Special Needs Trust: Commonly used by individuals planning in advance for a loved one with special needs, parents of special needs or disabled individuals...

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Qualified Income Trusts: Qualifying for Medicaid Benefits with a High Income

Eligible applicants for Medicaid’s long term care benefits must have income and assets that fall under the allowable limits. Individuals who do not qualify for Medicaid due to income higher than the permissible limits of the Medicaid process who don’t have enough income to pay for long term care should consider a Qualified Income Trust (QIT). Using Qualified Income Trusts (QITs), excess income is directly deposited monthly into a restricted funds account. The money in the restricted funds account is limited to use for one specific reason. Restricted funds accounts associated with QITs are reserved explicitly for paying nursing home bills...

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5 Key Elements of the Estate Plan

A well drafted estate plan will cover five main elements: will, trust, power of attorney, beneficiary designation, and health care or medical directive. Will: A will is a legally binding document that specifies who is to receive property and assets after your death. The will names the executor of the estate who will be responsible for carrying out the directions. The document will also appoint a guardian to care for any minor children or dependents if necessary. Trust: When creating a trust, a trustee is designated and legally give the power to hold title to the property on behalf of the trust's...

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The Pros and Cons of Medicaid Planning

An experienced Florida Medicaid planning attorney helps their clients structure their assets and financial resources and prepare documentation to create a scenario in which they are most likely to be accepted into the Medicaid program. Medicaid planning attorneys use a variety of tools and strategies, including trusts, asset transfers, converting countable assets into exempt assets to improve eligibility while preserving resources. In some cases, Medicaid planners also protect their client’s family home from Medicaid recovery and manage to manipulate finances to ensure that a healthy spouse has an appropriate income to continue to live independently while their partner is receiving...

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Elder Law: Protection and Preservation of Assets

Did you know that long term care costs are the biggest threat to seniors’ financial security? Whether long term care is provided in the home or through an adult family home or other facilities like a nursing home or assisted living facility, long term care is expensive. It doesn’t take long for the costs of long term care to deplete a family’s finances when the costs associated with quality long term care often exceed $100,000 per year. If an individual or family is unable to cover the costs of long term care through private insurance or their own personal or family...

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The Duties of an Adult Guardian or Conservator

Are you a guardian or a conservator? Or both? The court appoints both guardians and conservators in situations where an individual has been determined to be incapacitated (mentally or physically) or when a minor requires an adult to manage property on their behalf. In this situation, the individual is generally referred to as a ward of the court. The duties associated with being a guardian and a conservator sometimes overlap, and in some cases, the same individual will be appointed to fulfill both roles. But guardians and conservators are not the same. Guardian: Responsible for a ward's personal care. Conservator: Oversees...

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What Executors Need to Know About the Probate Process

The probate process is the court-supervised means of gathering a deceased individual’s assets and distributing to the person’s creditors and inheritors. As an estate executor in Florida, the probate process depends on the Uniform Probate Code (UPC). The UPC is a set of probate laws written by a group of national experts. The collection of laws were initially intended for adoption in all 50 states. The state of Florida is one of the sixteen states that adopted the law. The UPC’s goal is to make the probate process simpler, particularly for smaller estates. It is also designed to offer executors...

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Medicaid Planning: Safe Harbors Created by Congress

In January 2019, the Office of the Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) released a proposed rule to narrow existing regulatory discount safe harbor under the Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS) and generate two additional safe harbors. The primary purpose regarding the proposed rule is updating the discount safe harbor to accommodate our modern prescription drug distribution model while protecting federal health care programs, benefits, and their beneficiaries. If Finalized, the Proposed Rule Would Mean Changes: Exclusion from existing discount safe harbor discounts provided to Medicare Part D plans (this includes Medicare Advantage plans with drug benefit),...

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What is a Will and Why Do You Need One?

Do you have a will? Do you know why you need one? If you don’t have a will, your loved ones may not receive the assets you wish to leave behind for them when you pass on. If you don’t have a will and you aren’t sure where to start, we recommend starting right at the beginning. What is a Will? A will is a legal document. It sets forth the wishes of an individual regarding their property’s distribution and the care of their minor children. To ensure that your preferences for your estate and your family are carried out as...

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